The Triumph of Catherine II
the end of this victorious campaign the 'Semiramis of the North',
whose head had been turned by passion and by fame, started on a
triumphal progress through the five provinces of the Ukraine which
she had gained for the crown. She journeyed round the Black Sea
coast in a calash and visited the former seat of the Crime an Khans.
Then she was present at the founding of Odessa. "The entire
journey was an enchantment", writes Brian-Chaninov. "It
was a whirl of triumphal arches, salutes, ringing of bells, of light
and sound and fireworks, of plays and banquets." As a crowning
touch she gave her friend Potemkin the title of Duke of Tauris as
a sign of her favour.
In the meantime Abdul-Hamid I was languishing
in his palace on the Bosporus. He sought for ways of expunging the
disgrace of the Treaty of Kaynarca. He had to wait for twelve years.
In 1786, on England's intercession, he gained the support of Sweden
and even Poland, which Russia, Austria and Prussia had considerably
weakened when Poland was
first partitioned in 1772. He attacked Russia again. An attempt
to take back the Crimea failed and the campaign was generally unsuccessful.
But his adversaries were also exhausted and indifferent. The Treaty
of Yassy (Ya<;) in 1792 relieved Turkey of some of the burden
imposed by the Treaty of Kaynarca. Nevertheless the Ottomans had
to renounce their claim to the Crimea and Bessarabia. Abdul-Hamid
died in 1789 and his successor, Selim III (1789 - 1807), signed
Yet at this time the Great Powers had more pressing
problems than paying heed to Turkey. Their interests no longer lay
in the east but in the west. At Paris the Revolution had triumphed.