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Sanjak : the chief administrative unit of the Ottoman Empire, governed by a Sanjak Beyi

Sarica : a provincial militia equiped with fire arms
Silahdar : a custodian of the sultan's weapons
Sipahi : a cavalryman holding a timar in the provinces in return for military service

Şeriat : the secred law of Islam
Şeyh : a popular religious leader
Şeyhulislam : the head of the hierarchy of ulema
Tarikat : mystic religious order
Tekke : a lodge of a dervish order
Timar : a fief with an annual valueof less than twenty thousand akçes, whose revenues were held in return for military sevice
Tuğra : the sultan's offical monogram, attached to state documents to confirm their legality
Tuccar : merchants