Orhan Gazi was born in 1281. His father was Osman Gazi and his
mother was Mal Sultana, the daughter of Omer, who was a respected
person in the Kayi Clan. Orhan Gazi was tall, had a blonde beard
and blue eyes. He was a benign, forgiving, religious and fair ruler.
He admired the theologians. He had strong and patient character.
He spent most of his time with his people or by visiting them. He
had won the admire of his people in a short time.
Orhan Gazi became the leader of Kayi Clan after the death of Osman
Gazi, in 1326. He had married to Teodora, the daughter of the Byzantine
Emperor Yoannis Kontakuzinas XI, in 1346. His second wife was Holofira
the daughter of the Byzantine Prince of Yarhisar. Holofira eloped
with Orhan by leaving her marriage ceremony with the Prince of Bilecik.
After she was married to Orhan Gazi she was converted to Islam and
her name was changed as Nilufer Hatun. She gave birth to Murad,
who had been the third sultan of the Ottomans. . He defeated Byzantine
Emperor Andronicus III and conquered large parts of Asia Minor,
including Nicaea and Izmit. In 1345 the Ottomans first crossed into
Europe to aid Byzantine Emperor (John Cantacuzene). Orkhan married
John's daughter Theodora. Orkhan crossed the Dardanelles two more
times, assisting John against Stephen Duan of Serbia and gaining
for the Ottomans a foothold in Europe.
His Wifes : Nilufer Hatun , Asporca Hatun , Theodora Hatun
, Eftandise Hatun
His Sons : SuleymanPasha, Murad, Ibrahim, Halil, Kasim.
His Daughters : Fatma Hatun