Sultan Mustafa III was born in January 28, 1717 in Istanbul. His
father is Sultan Ahmet III, and his mother is Mihrisah Sultana.
He was very well educated and he was interested in astrology. He
also researched the Ottoman and Islam histories. Mustafa III was
very religious, very merciful and kind hearted. In an earthquake
taken two minutes and destroyed more than a half part of Istanbul,
he helped the people from his own wealth. Sultan Mustafa III was
believing the necessity of a reform. He heard about the reformation
of the King of Prussia Fredrick II and sent Ahmet Resmi Efendi there.
Fredrick II sent his four secrets with Ahmet Resmi Efendi; "Read
history, and examine the experiences". Tried to have a powerful
army and during the time peace educate your soldiers. Put emphasis
on the economy, fill your treasury with money always. When Sultan
heard these he smiled and said; "We desire to achieve these
too, but how?". He was thinking that the worst disaster will
come from Russia to his country. He worked day and night, he prepared
for a possible war. He filled the treasury in order to use in the
war. He was planning to open the Suez Canal but he was tied by lack
of talented statesmen. During the Ottoman-Russian War he had fallen
ill and died because of a hearth attack in 21st of October, 1774.
Sultan Mustafa was aware of the fact that a military reform was
necessary. He declared new military regulations. He fixed bayonets
to the rifles. He established a new artillery. He opened maritime
and artillery academies. He obliged even the older soldiers to be
educated. Baron de Tott was his most important assistance during
these military reformations. Baron modernised the military system.
Sultan Mustafa III was a poet, and he has very famous poems.
His Wifes: Avn'ul-Hayat, Mihr-i Shah Mother Sultana, Rif'at,
Ayse Adil-shah, Fehmi, Binnaz