Sultan Mahmoud II was born in Istanbul in July 20, 1785. His father
was Sultan Abdulhamid I and his mother was Naksidil Sultana. Mahmoud
came to the throne in 1808, in his twenty fourth year. While heir
presumptive, he had been carefully instructed by Sultan Selim III
in those measures of reform necessary to save the empire from dissolution.
Mahmoud was qualified by an extraordinary energy. As an intellectual
and intelligent young individual he followed closely the reforms
in Europe. He especially, reformed the judicial system. He restored
and modified many regulations. He died from tuberculosis in July,
1 1839, at the age of 54. His funeral was so crowded, and he was
buried in Divan Yolu.
His Wifes : Bezm-i Alem Mother Sultana, Pertev-niyal (Nihal)
Mother Sultana, Haciye Pertev-Piyale Nev-fidan, Ali-cenab, Fatma,
Asub-i Can, Haciye Hosh-yar, Nurtab, Misl-i Na-yab, Perviz-felek,
Vuslat, Zer-nigar, Ebr-i Reftar.
His Sons : Abdulmecid, Abdulaziz, four shahzadahs called
Ahmed, Bayezid, Abdulhamit, Suleyman, Mehmet, Murad, Nizameddin,
Mehmed Abdullah, Osman.
His Daughters: Emine Sultan, Hamide Sultan, Hayriye Sultan,
Shah Sultan, Salihe Sultan, Ayse Sultan, Atike Sultan, Fatma Sultan,
Munire Sultan, Fatma Sultan, Fihrimah Sultan, Adile Sultan.