The Art of Marbling
is not possible to tell exactly when people started painting papers
using the techniques of ebru which is one of the most important
of paper decorating arts. Although it is possible to find ebru papers
in the bindings of centuries old books, these cannot be used to
date ebru papers as these books may be restored years after they
have been written and ebru papers on their bindings may have been
used during a later repair. Only ebru papers with a written date
on them can be used as evidence for the age of that ebru paper.
Besides the oldest ebru papers dated in this manner are the papers
used in Arifi's "Guy-i Cevgan" in the Museum of Topkapi
Palace collection which is dated to 1539, two papers in the Library
of Istanbul University which were used for two calligraphies of
Mir Ali of Herat which are dated to 1539, a paper used for Maliki
Deylemi's calligraphies from Ugur Derman's Collection which is dated
to 1554 and three papers used in one of the copies of Fuzuli's book,
"Hadikat-us sueda" (Garden of Happiness) which are dated
to 1595 can be used as evidence for the history of Turkish ebru.
The artists who made the first three ebrus are unknown whereas in
the opening page
of Fuzuli's book, after the name of the book, "Hadikat-us sueda"
in red ink, "Ma Sebek Mehmet Ebrisi" (with ebru of Sebek
Mehmet) is written.Three ebru papers with pale colours are used
inside the book and on the last page the date is given as "1004"
(1595 ).From the sentence on the first page, we learn that the name
of the marbler who has been mentioned as "Sebek" in the
booklet "Tertib-i Risale-i Ebri" is Mehmet and the papers
used in this book are made by this marbler. The last page indicates
the date that the book has been written.
We don't have the chance of identifying all
of our marblers by name since ebru papers haven't been signed during
our history of ebru. The following are the marblers who made important
contribution to our ebru tradition as mentioned previously.